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景德镇传统制瓷工艺 THE TRADITIONAL CRAFTS OF PORCELAIN MAKING IN JINGDEZHEN

 

  • 镶器成型工艺

  • Joint Forming

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镶器成型是景德镇的传统成型方法之一,基本工艺并不复杂,但要做好也不是一件容易的事。第一步是将泥料放在麻布或普通布单上拍打滚压成片,待干至一定程度,在用泥桨镶接,干燥后将表面加以修整即可成器。大件镶器在制作时极为耗时,主要是泥板的干燥要自然阴干,稍急则成废品。泥板的平整也很讲究,几乎全是人工用刮刀刨出来的。黏接时,提拿泥板很需要技术,用力不当极易破损,一般要多置几块泥板备用,以免破损后另作泥板干湿度不一致。如不是专学此道是很难做成的。

景德镇的镶器,不仅能做规整的方器、三角器、菱形器等,还能做具有曲线动感的异型瓶。

 

Joint forming is one of the traditional forming processes in Jingdezhen. Its basic processing requirements are not so complicated, but it is not an easy work to meet them well. The first step is to put clay on gunny cloth or cotton to pat and roll clay into slices. When they are dried to some extent, Connect them with clay slip and they will be finished when their surfaces are shaved after they are dry. Making of large joint-formed wares takes a lot of time. The main reason is that slices should be naturally dried in a shade, or haste will lead to waste product. The flattening of slices is also quite important and all of them are planed by workers with scrapers. When mending the slices, or they will be easily and damaged if they are not carried in a proper way. Some spare slices are generally in stock so as not to make new slices which have different moisture from the previous ones when some of the previous slices are damaged. It is quite difficult to have such a full consideration for an inexperienced potter.

As for the joint-formed wares of Jingdezhen, potters have not only been able to make the established square, triangle and diamond vessels, but also special shaped vessels with a sense of motion in the curving lines.

①正在使用中的镶器工作台
  • ① The joint-formed wares bench in the work

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 SHAPING 成型工艺

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